14 January 2011 | Angeline Albert
Despite regular pledges from the country’s leaders to take action against fraud and dishonesty, there have been few improvements over the past four years.
A study by the organisation said the eastern European nation must introduce anti-corruption laws and show greater political will to fight corruption. “Key political figures repeatedly declare their resolve to fight corruption. These political declarations have not yet translated into real results,“ it said.
It added law-enforcement bodies were not trained to detect, investigate and prosecute instances of corrupt purchasing. The review recommended a strengthening of the institutions responsible for tackling the problem. The government should also establish a dedicated anti-corruption investigative body with specialist prosecutors. The adoption of anti-corruption legislation to comply with international standards was also advised.
Although the introduction of a new law on public procurement in June 2010 improved government purchasing processes, further measures are needed to prevent corruption and conflicts of interest.
The lack of requirements for businesses to establish their own internal controls and compliance programmes was also highlighted as a contributor to purchasing corruption.